Integration testing is a software testing technique that focuses on evaluating the interactions between different modules, components, or subsystems of a software application to ensure that they work together as expected. The primary goal of integration testing is to detect and address issues related to the integration points and communication between these components within the application’s architecture.
Integration testing is essential for identifying issues such as data mismatches, communication problems, and unexpected behavior that can arise when different parts of a complex software system are combined.
By conducting integration tests, development teams can address integration-related defects early in the development cycle, reducing the risk of critical issues emerging during system testing or in the production environment.
Addressing these challenges often involves careful planning and coordination among development and testing teams, the use of integration testing frameworks and tools, the creation of realistic test data, and the establishment of robust test environments. Additionally, automated testing and continuous integration practices can help streamline integration testing and detect issues early in the development process.